Wednesday, 21 August 2013

The Sat aspect of Paramatman


 Practical  steps  to spirituality- section 6 part  27

The Sat   aspect  of  Paramatman  

                               The  Self  is  described  as  the  I, the  subject,  contrasted  with  the  object,  the  world. . Atman,  the  subject  ,is  of  the   very  nature  of   Sat- Cit-  Anand  . It  is  the very  core  of  one's personality   and  ever  shines  as  the  I   and  is  ever  the  witness  of  the  not- Self   namely  the  three  sariras  -sthula,  sukshma  and  karana  . Due  to  the  non-apprehension  of  the  Self's   Sat-Cit- Anand  nature  there  arises  the  misapprehension  of  the  Self  as  not-  Self. , which  expresses  as  the  wrong  notion  '  I  am  the  gross   , subtle  and  causal  body. Self  knowledge  is  the  only  solution  to  the  false  identification  with  the  not- Self. . This  knowledge  is  attained  by  atma- anatma  -viveka , that  is  the  differentiation  (  viveka  )  between  Atman  and  the  anatman  (  not- Self ) 

                                 Vedanta  declares  that  the  Paramatman's  or  Supreme  Self's   nature  is   Sat-  Existence  , Cit  - Consciousness  , Ananda  - Bliss  .         The sanskrit  term  Sat  just  means ' being ' or ' noble ' but , has  a  deeper  significance.  Sat  is  that  which is  permanent and remains  unchanged  in  all  three  periods  of  time -past, present and future   . Only  the  Atman  can  be  described  as  Sat  in  as  much  as  there was  never  a  time  It  was  not  nor  will  It   ever  cease  to  be  now  or  in  the  future  . . The  Sat  aspect  of  the  Atman  can  be  understood  by analysis  thus  :  1. That  which  is  made  up  of  parts  has  death  through  the  destruction  of  its  parts  . The  Self  is  a  homogeneous  whole  and  has  no  parts  whatsoever  . Therefore  the  Self  is  beyond  destruction. . 2  The  Self  is  not  subject  to  modification  . It  is  always  of  the  same  nature  sada-eka- rupa.   Modification  , that  is  change  from  one  form  to another,  implies  death  of  the  earlier  form  and  birth  of  the  new  one. . The  body  dies,  thoughts  of  the  mind  change   and  everything  in the  external  world  is  subject  to  change  but  the  Paramatman  is  beyond  the  pale of   modification.  

to be  continued....

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