Friday, 22 May 2015

no end to the Lord's glories

The Gita revisited. 

                       We could continue  to go on  and on  describing the Lord's  glories. . The Lord says that there is no end to His glories, to His  divine manifestations. There is nothing moving or unmoving  that can exist without Me says the Lord.. The Lord adds  that whatever  He has told Arjuna while describing His glorious  manifestations   are just merely an indication of the  extent of His opulence. . All  that we need to know and remember  is that whatever in existence is powerful , glorious  and beautiful is only a spark of the  Lord's splendour.

                     His innumerable  vibhutis( manifestations )  are  but  one part of His infinite unmanifest nature (  yoga ). The  Lord has made Arjuna understand  the  ONE ( GOD )  in the many ( vibhuti )  and  the many in the  One ( yoga ).. The Lord ends the chapter by saying that He  is far far beyond all  His manifestations.  The  Lord  says  "  but of what avail to thee the knowledge  of all these details , O Arjuna? I exist  , supporting this whole world by one part of Myself. " And  the next chapter begins with Arjuna  saying to the Lord  that  on hearing the divine glories  from the Lord Himself ,his delusion is gone. 

Monday, 18 May 2015

gambling- the greatest vice.


The Gita revisited .
Gambling -the greatest vice. 

                      After  describing in detail  the glories  of the Lord,  Krishna says  that  He is to be  seen  not only among the majestic and the divine  but also among the lowest of the low. . The Lord says that He  is the very gambling in  the people  who  gamble . The Lord picks up this vice among all other  kinds of vices present in the world because  Yudhistra , the eldest of the Pandavas  had a weakness for the game of dice  and  he  put his own family members,his brothers and wife  at stake and lost them and himself too in the process  of gambling. . And  because  Yudhishtra  lost everything , his kingdom, his self-esteem  , the Pandavas  had to spend 12 years  in the forest  and  remain  incognito on the 13th year. The Pandavas suffered a lot  because  of Yudhishtra's   weakness  for gambling. Hence   to show  how  gambling  affects  and finally destroys a family  , the Lord says  that He is  the  gambling in the gambler .

               Gambling is a very addictive habit  and  the person who gambles becomes  greedy   to gain more and more  if  he wins  and so cannot  quit the game  . The person who loses too can never quit the game  because he continues  to hope  that the  results would change  and luck would be on his side  . The Lord  is the architect  of the entire universe and whatever happens  in the world  looks as though has His approval. . Though He says  He is the gambling of the gambler, He does not in any way go to justify gambling in any way. . Gambling is considered as adharma and whoever  indulges in gambling  destroys  himself, his own life becomes shattered. . It is the gambler who has to undergo the  after effects  of gambling  in as much as he loses his health, his wealth, his possessions   sanity  and peace of mind. and  status  in society  and self -esteem. . His  habit affects  his family members' fortunes and mental well being. 

Friday, 15 May 2015

A few divine virtues.

The Gita revisited 
A few divine virtues .

                A few divine virtues are enumerated by the Lord   and the possession  of these virtues brings success    ,says the  Lord.   The  divine virtues , to mention a few are Keerti, Sri, Vak, Smriti  , Meda  , Dhriti  and kshama , are symbolically represented  as women  who were  married   to great rishis . Keerti and  Sri refer  to  fame and wealth  that one possesses .They do not refer to worldly fame and wealth. . Keerti refers  to the  good name one acquires     because of  the virtues one has  and good acts one performs . Divine wealth is  the inner wealth of goodness   and  the wealth that is used  for the welfare of others. 

              Vak  - speech becomes  divine when   words  are spoken with love  , when it is truthful and sweet   and when there is meaningful communication. . Even chanting the name of the Lord   or imparting  spiritual knowledge  is divine speech.  Smriti  - memory becomes  divine  when one remembers   the good advices  when one needs it  . Memory  also refers  to  remembering one's true nature  at all times.  Divine Medha  is meaningful retention  of the  meaning of life- God or Truth.  Dhriti  is  exhibiting  patience  while  holding  on to the Truth inspite  of obstacles   and challenges  . Kshama  become a divine virtue  when  one forgives and forgets   all insults  or hurt caused  by others  whether  right or wrong. 

             The  Lord says  that among all these feminine  qualities  'I am any one of them  or all of them put together. . ' Whoever possesses  these virtues  exhibits  the Lord's glory  through his virtues  . . Whenever a person  shows these qualities  , it  means  that  he has  definitely made  necessary  adjustments  in his inner  equipments  to manifest  the  Divine  in him. 

Tuesday, 12 May 2015

Wonderful gifts from the Lord


The Gita revisited .
Wonderful gifts to us from the Lord. 

             The  glories of the Lord can also be experienced  from the gifts He has given us. . This life  that He has gifted us is the most precious of all. gifts . It is only with this life that we can accomplish  great things in our life.  and  being born as a human ,we can strive  to realise  our Self. . The  Lord has given us  this incredible mind ,which can travel  a thousand times  faster than  light. . It is the mind that collects all information  through the  five sense organs   and  responds back to the  external world   of beings and objects. . The mind is the subtle instrument  that wills, desires  and  shows  emotions such as love, compassion, anger and hatred and so on. 

           The  Lord has given us  the power of fruitful discussion - vaada . . Among the  discussion  on the scriptures  , the one between  Adi Sankaracharya  and  Mandana Misra  is very famous. . The  former argued that  it is only  through  right knowledge   that one could get liberation , while  the latter  argued  that  it was only through right action ,one could get liberated. . The  vaada  continued  for seven days   and  Sankaracharya  proved in the end  that only knowledge could give liberation. . Thereafter  , Mandana  Misra  became Sankara's disciple   and came to be known as  Sureshvaracarya. 

    The   most  important gift He has blessed us  .with  is to attain Self knowledge in this very life. . The  Lord  calls   spiritual knowledge   His divine  glory. . The  Lord praises  spiritual knowledge through out the Gita  . The  Geeta itself  is an example  of spiritual knowledge  . Through  Arjuna  in the battlefield  , the Lord has given us  the knowledge of the Geeta.  The knowledge of the Upanishads  , the Bhagavad Geeta, the Brahma Sutras    were made available to us through  the bhasyas  ( commentaries  )  of the three great acharyas  namely- Adi Sankaracarya, Ramanujacarya  and  Madhavacarya. . In the modern times  ,the  knowledge  of these sacred scriptures were made available  to us  in the language  we understand  through  the  commentaries  in English  by Pujya Gurudev  Swami Chinmayananda  . . We are indebted  to all these great saints and sages   for making the knowledge easily available   to  us   now. Is it not important  then  that  we too  spread this knowledge ,  to the extent we have  understood  the deeper import of the scriptural texts  from our our Guru , to people around us. ? The  main aim of  this  blog has been  and will always be  to spread this knowledge  to the small extent I have understood  the texts . 

Saturday, 9 May 2015

The Lord's vibhutis continue.....

The Gita revisited. 
The  Lord's vibhutis continue....

                    The  Lord goes on to give a few of His glories  from the vedas and puranas. . He says  among the gods  He is Indra, , among the vedas the  Sama  veda, of   military commanders, He is  Sakanda , He is  Indra's vajra. . The  Gayathri mantra is popular as the  most  famous mantra  of the Vedas  , the gayathri mantra is in this  metre . . It is an invocation to the sun , the god of the intellect  to make us intelligent . The Lord says among  metres  He is  Gayathri. 

                 The  Lord enumerates  a few of His  incarnations .  Lord Vishnu incarnated as  Vamana  , a young brahmana ,who asked king Bali for just three  feet  of land. When  Bali surrendered   his ego ,pride and desires   to the  Lord  , the Lord  made  him the eternal king of Pathal loka  and  promised to guard  his kingdom personally for three months in a year. . The  Lord says among warriors  I am  Rama. . The  Lord incarnated as  Maryada Purushottam  Ram .The  Ramayana  - the story of Ram  , inspires  one and all even today.  to become  His devotee.  The  Lord incarnated as  Krishna  . He is considered as the poornaavatar. . He incarnated to protect the righteous  and destroy the  unrighteous. . The  Lord  became  the charioteer  for Arjuna  whom He considered as His very heart. . The Lord gave  Arjuna  The  Geeta   and through him to generations  of men and women   who have been benefited  by the  message of the  Geeta.  to live a righteous life. 

             Some of  the Lord's glories among sages and devotees  are also given by the Lord. . The Lord says  among sages  He is  sage Bhrgu , who  was sent to find  out who amongst the trinity was  the greatest. . The Lord says He is the celestial missionary Narada , who continuously chants  the name of the Lord . Among the Pandavas  I am Arjuna  says the Lord. Arjuna is an incomparable glory of the Lord. . I am Vyasa  among the wise says the Lord. . Bhagavan  Veda  Vyasa  compiled the four Vedas , the composed the great epic Mahabharata  , the 18 Puranas, and the  Brahma Sutras.  and many other scriptures. which  are considered as basis for dharma and culture. He is considered as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. 

Tuesday, 5 May 2015

The Lord's vibhutis

The Gita revisited.
The Lord's  vibhutis.

                       Lord  shows  Arjuna  some eighty  of His glories  ,which are worshipful and meditation worthy. . We  are expected to meditate on these divine manifestations  of the Lord.  The Lord shows  Arjuna  some  of His glories   from nature. The  brilliant sun  and the soothing moon are expressions  of the Lord's vibhutis. . Meditating on  the sun makes us bright and brilliant.  and  meditating on the moon  helps us to control our moods. and  makes us pleasing to others. . The  vast ocean  is  glorious  and worthy  of being meditated upon. . Amongst  the great trees  , the peepal tree  is considered  sacred  . It  is believed  that the  Buddha  attained Nirvana sitting under a peepal tree.  The  Lord says  this tree  is His  glory. 

              The  Himalayas  ,which have  been  the sacred  abode  of the sages  and saints  ,are sought after by seekers   for  the  Guru  and  knowledge. The Lord says  among the mountains  He is the the Himalayas.  The  Lord as  Nara  and  Narayana   are believed to reside here. . Lord Siva resides in Kailasa.   Pujya Gurudev Swami chinmayananda  received  knowledge from his  Guru  Swami  Sivananda  in Rishikesh   and  then  he was  sent by his Guru  to  Swami  Tapovanji Maharaj  in  the  Himalayas  . While  a dozen or so  of  the disciples  stayed back to  attain Self- Realisation, Pujya Gurudev  alone  came down   to the  cities  to spread the knowledge  of  the  Upanishads in the language  that we could understand  . But for  Pujya Gurudev's  efforts  in making the knowledge  of Vedanta  available   to the masses, we  would  still  be groping in the  dark  in ignorance  about our scriptures.  Incidentally, this  year ,Chinmaya mission is  celebrating  the birth centenary  of   Pujya Gurudev  from May 8th  . Year long celebrations  have been  planned  all  our India  and the world.  . 

Sunday, 3 May 2015

Vibhuti and yoga

The Gita revisited.
Vibhuti and yoga .

                 The two terms  vibhuti and yoga  are explained   in  the chapter ' the path of vibhuti -yoga . The Lord explains  how His true nature can be known  and  to realise  how His  infinite potential creates (  yoga ), how  to experience  His manifestations as the  entire world  and meditate  on His wonderful manifestations in creation (  vibhuti)  

                The  Lord appears  in many different ways  . He alone  appears  as the earth , the planets  and other heavenly bodies  . He alone  appears  as the inner virtues   like love and compassion . His creative power  is yoga  and His  manifestations  are His vibhuti. . All  things exist because  of God's existence . The essence is yoga  and  the manifold  specialities  are  vibhuti. . Divine  vision is to see  God  in the entire  creation  and  to see  the  world  in God. . To see  God in the  creation  is vibhuti  and to see  creation in God  is  yoga. 

                 When we  close our eyes  and  meditate  on the source  of creation, it is called  yoga darshana and open eyed  meditation on His  divine manifestation is  vibhuti darshana . The highest  state is to realise the Truth beyond the  unmanifest power  and  the manifest  world  as one's own Self. This is called  tattva darshana. . The  Lord tells  Arjuna  and through him to all  of us  that  He  is  the essence , the Self of all.  All  special qualities arise from Him , are sustained  by Him  and merge  back  into Him. 

Friday, 1 May 2015

The Guru and the shishya.


The  Gita revisited.
The Guru and the shishya .

                            The tenth chapter opens  with the  Lord's advice   to  Arjuna  to listen  to  the  knowledge the Lord  is giving  him  for his welfare. . The teacher  and the taught should have a wonderful relationship  between them .

                            It is a practice  to start  each day's lesson  by chanting the  peace invocation  : " sahanavavathu .........."  .This peace invocation is  found in the Kathopanishad  which belongs to Krishna Yajur Veda . Both the  Guru and the  shishya  pray that   they be protected  , that their hunger for knowledge  be protected  , that  both the guru and shishya  enjoy  the  process  of study, the knowledge  and the goal   together, , that  may they put  forth  their sincere effort  - the teacher  teaching  to the level  the  student  understands   and the student  trying his best  to understand   the teacher's words with an open mind.  Both pray that   this knowledge  help transform their lives  and may this knowledge  help them when needed. and that they do not come to  quarrel over anything   And lastly  ,they pray that  they  be free  from the  three  obstacles  - adhibautik, adhideivik and  adhyatmik. 

                       Both Guru and shishyas learn through  mutual study. . Their relationship is such that both  evolve.  It is a mutually dependent relationship. . Sincerity  from both is important. . The  teacher should  have  faith in the student's  ability to learn  and  he should also appreciate  the student's sincere  efforts.  The teacher  should  be willing to accommodate  all kinds  of students  and  in fact  he never ever rejects  any student.  though  of course  the teacher tests  the calibre  of the student  to check where  the student stands  . Whenever  a student  falls below  the standards set by the teacher, the  teacher   helps him to purify himself and lift himself up  to the standards  expected of him. 

                  The  student  on his part should have  a lot of love , respect  and  reverence  for the  teacher , for  the  knowledge   and  the  teaching. . He  should have  keenness  and enthusiasm   to listen and learn  . Thus  both the  Guru and shishya   together  make  the  teaching- learning process  very much enjoyable. . In  the Gita  we find  both  the  Lord  and Arjuna share  an ideal  teacher- student  relationship. 

to be continued.....