Wednesday, 19 August 2015

How real is bondage ?

HARI  OM 

The  Gita revisited.
How  real is  bondage ?

                        We  have  seen in one  of the previous  pages  how  bondage  happens  and  we came  to understand that  because  of our  ignorance  of our own real nature  that  we come to think we are  in bondage. When the Knower  and the known come  together,it becomes  the cause  for  samsara , bondage.  Relationships  between  two things  with the same degree  of reality can be of  various types. It  could be  a part-whole  relationship ,  like  my hands with my body , a cause-effect relationship,  like  mud and  pot, ,a substance  -property relationship  like  the red colour  of a   rose flower   or  a part-part  relationship. like  brother and  sister relationship.  These relationships  between  two  things  having the same degree  of reality, is easy to comprehend. 

                 What  kind  of relationship  can there be  between  two  things  with different  degrees  of  reality?. What  kind of  relationship  does a  waker have  with that  of a dreamer ?. It  is the waking mind alone  that becomes  the dreamer  but  upon waking up  the dreamer vanishes  . What  can be  the  relationship between  the Knower  ,the  Subject   and  the  known, the  world  of  plurality ?Vedanta  says  that the only possible  relationship between the  knower  and the known  is between  the  substratum and   the superimposed . A snake  is  superimposed  on a rope  and  seen as a  snake  and not as a rope. This  happens  when one sees the rope  in  a  not well lit place. But when the  light is switched  on  ,the  rope is then seen as a rope  only and  not anymore  as a snake. . The  snake  was superimposed  on the rope  as the  substratum hence this  illusion takes place  but the snake disappears  when the rope is seen  only as the rope 

              Similarly, the  known , which  consists  of the  world  of  plurality  ,is superimposed  on the  knower,   the  substratum   and  seen as real.  by  the individual jiva   due to his ignorance  of the true nature  of reality. . When  the jiva's ignorance  is removed  by knowledge  , there is no more  of the superimposition of the world on the  knower. .The  world ceases to exist.  The  knower is  the substratum  upon which  is superimposed  the  entire  world  of plurality  . Hence   comes  the  concept  of birth  , death and rebirth , bondage  and liberation   for  the jiva  . The  knower  does not undergo   birth, death or rebirth   and  there is  no  bondage  for  the knower  and hence  the knower who is eternally free  does not have  to strive  for liberation. He  is  ever free  , never in bondage.  

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