Monday, 26 October 2015

The three types of sacrifices.


The  Gita  revisited.
The  three  types  of  sacrifices. 

                              Among  the  three ,yajna  dana  and  tapa  ,  the  Lord  takes  to  explaining   the  three  types  of  yajnas,  sacrifices.   We  have  seen  in the  fourth    chapter ,  the  Lord  had given  a new  meaning  to  yajnas  , sacrifices.   Yajnas  have  now  come  to have  a new  significance  , a universal  application. . In  the  Vedic  tradition  , yajnas  denoted   a fire  ritual  wherein  oblations  were  poured  .  Sri . Krishna's  way  of  explaining  throws  a  new  light  on the  performance  of  yajnas. . It  now  stands  for  all  self- dedicated  activities  performed  in a  spirit  of  service  to the  many. . All  actions  ,performed  without  ego   and  egocentric  desires  , come  under  the  term  'yajna '.

                         The  Lord  says  that  actions  undertaken  by men  without  desire  for  fruit  , and  done  as  enjoined  by the  scriptures  , and  done  with  shraddha   and  considered  as a  duty  ,are  sattvic  actions  .. The  Sastras  speak  of  nitya  and  naimittika  karmas  . They  are  the  unavoidable  and  obligatory  duties  which  when  done  with  great  faith   become  sattvik  yajnas. .  The  sattvik  minded  does  good  actions  which  are  conducive  for  the  welfare  of  all.  When  the  sacrifices  are  offered   seeking  fruits  and  for  showing  off  to  others  for  getting  name  and  fame  ,they  take  the  colour  of  rajasik  yajna. While  the  rajasik  does  yajnas  only  with  the  expectations  of  getting  some  benefit  for  himself  but  he  is  at  the  same  time  preoccupied  with  his  own  worries  and  anxieties. 

                    Those  actions  where  no  food  is  distributed,  nor  mantras  chanted  ,nor  dakshina  to the  priests  who conducts  the  yajna  are  given  ,   are  considered  as  tamasik  yajna. . Food  refers  to  all  the  necessities  of  life.   Unless  a  man  shares  his  all  with  the  have-nots  , no inner  growth  can  ever  happen  in  him. 

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