Wednesday, 31 May 2017

Atma / Brahman -part 2

              Brahman  is  nirguna  , nirvikara  satyam  , all pervading . Brahman  is  ekaha. . It  alone  is. . According  to  advaita  vedanta  siddhantam  , the  world  is  a  mere  illusion  created  and  destroyed  within  Brahman  itself.   Isvara  ,is  a personal  God  with   forms  and  attributes  but  Brahman  is  the  transcendent  impersonal  Truth. . Maya  is  anirvacaneeya . Maya  cannot  be described  as  sat because  it  has  no  independent  existence  on its  own. , its  existence  depends  on  Brahman. . Maya  cannot  be  called  asat  because  we  do  experience  its  effects. . So  we  call  maya  as  mithya  because  it  has  apparent  or  relative  existence.  

    Maya   seemingly  conditions  Brahman  by  means  of  two  powers  , the  avarana  and  vikshepa  sakti.  Avarana  sakti  of  maya  conceals  the  true  nature  of  awareness   and  casts  a  veil  of  delusion  on the  jivatma  so that  he  remains  in ignorance  of  his  true  nature . The  vikshepa  sakti   is  the  projecting  power  of  maya  that  deludes the  jivatma  into  believing   Brahman   as   the  shrishti,  sthiti  and  laya  karana  of  the  universe .  It  is  in fact  Brahman  as  Isvara  only  creates,  sustains  and  destroys  the  universe  and  the  jivatma   believes  himself  to  be   a  finite  limited  individual. 

        Brahman  is  the  absolute  Truth  and  we  have  seen  sastras  establish  through  the  mahavakya  
"  brahma  satyam  , jagan  mithya  and  jivo  brahmaiva  na  para  " If  jiva  is  none  other  Brahman  , naturally  I  am  curious  to  know  the  true  nature  of  Atman  / Brahman  . Brahman  is  eternal,  satyam  all  pervading  and  ekaha  ,  it  cannot  be  conceived  of  by  our  thoughts  or  perceived  by  our  senses  . It  is  called  Param  Brahman.  In  the  Kathopanishad  a  nine  old  boy  asks  Yamaraj  to  enlighten  him  about  that  nature  of  Reality  ,which  is  beyond  cause  and  effect  ,  virtue  and  vice  ,  past  and  future. 


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