Thursday, 6 July 2017

Bhaja Govindam - An Introduction -part 4

         Some  of the  important  works  of  acharya  Sankara ,other  than  his  bhashyams  on  the  ten  Upanishads , the  Bhagavad Geeta  , the  Brahma  sutra  and  his  own  composition  the  Vivekachodamani, are his   devotional  compositions   like  the  Bhaja  Govindam  ,  Soundarya  Lahari,  Kanakadara  stotram,  Sivananda Lahari, Minakshi stotram ,   the Dakshinamurthy stotram  and  so  on.    Bhaja Govindam  is  one  of  the  extremely   important  works  of  the  acharya . It  is  said  that  for  an  intelligent  person, a  study  of  this  poem  can  remove  his  delusion (  moha ) , so  the  poem  is  called  Mohamudgara. 

       The  story  goes  thus  regarding  the  circumstances  that  went  on to  inspire  Adi  Sankara  to  compose  the  Bhaja Govindam , as  he   was  going  along  with  his  fourteen  disciples to  Kashi   he  overheard an  old  pundit  was  trying  to  repeat  the  sanskrit grammar  rules. . The  acharya  realised  that  the  old  man  was  wasting  his  time  over  an intellectual  accomplishment without  realising  the  Truth. The  acharya  burst  forth  into  these  verses called  Mohamudgara , now  popularly  known  as  Bhaja  Govindam. . So  he  starts  his  Bhaja Govindam with  the  lines  that  grammar  rules will  never  help anyone  at  the  time  of  death. . So  he  commands  people  to put  in all  their  efforts towards  realising  the  Truth,  that  deathless  state  of  purity  and  perfection. 

        The  acharya  is  believed  to  have  composed  12  more  verses ,which  are  a  bouquet  of  flowers  and  which   go  under the  name   dwadasa manjarika  stotram. . Each  of  the  14  disciples  were  inspired  to  compose  one  verse  each , and  they  all  go  under  the  name chaturdasa  manjarika  stotram .. Then  Sankara  blesses  all  true  seekers of all  times in  the  last  four  verses  . So  the  Bhaja  govindam  comprises  of  31  verses  though  in some  editions  the  number  varies.  

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